Chemical Peel Treatment in Ahmedabad
What is a chemical peel?
A chemical peel is a process in which a chemical solution is applied to the skin to eliminate the top layers. The new, reformed skin is usually smoother and has fewer wrinkles than the old skin. The new skin is also provisionally more sensitive to direct sunlight. With a light or medium peel, you may require to go through the procedure multiple times to get the best results.
Chemical peels are used for treating wrinkles, scars, and discolored skin — generally on the face. They can be performed singly or combined with other cosmetic processes. And they can be done at various depth levels, from light to deep. Deeper chemical peels provide considerable results but also take longer to recuperate from.
There are three kinds of chemical peels:
- Light chemical peel: Alpha-hydroxy acid or another light acid is used to perforate only the outer layer of skin to softly exfoliate it. The treatment is used to enhance the look of mild skin discoloration and rugged skin as well as to revive the face, chest, neck, or hands.
- Medium chemical peel: Trichloroacetic or Glycolic acid is utilized to penetrate the outer and middle layers of skin to take off damaged skin cells. The treatment is used to refine age spots, wrinkles, and fine lines, freckles, and moderate skin discoloration. It also can be done to ease rugged skin and treat some precancerous skin growths, i.e., actinic keratosis.
- Deep chemical peel: In this treatment, phenol or Trichloroacetic acid is applied to deeply enter the middle layer of skin to take off damaged skin cells. The treatment abolishes moderate lines, freckles, shallow scars, and age spots. Patients will see a great improvement in skin look. The process is used on the face and only can be performed once for a deep chemical peel.
What should first be done before considering a chemical peel?
A complete evaluation by a dermatologic surgeon is crucial before beginning upon a chemical peel.
Note: Chemical peels are unable to remove deep scars or wrinkles or tighten skin that is becoming weaker.
A chemical peel may create different side effects, including:
- Scabbing, redness, and swelling. Normal healing from a chemical peel includes redness of the treated skin. After a deep or medium chemical peel, reddish skin might last for a couple of months.
- Impact on the skin color. A chemical peel can create treated skin to turn lighter than normal (hypopigmentation) or darker than normal (hyperpigmentation). Hyperpigmentation is common after superficial peels, whereas hypopigmentation is common after a deep peel. These medical issues are most common in people with skin of color and can sometimes be permanent.
- Scarring. Hardly, a chemical peel can cause scarring — usually on the lower area of the face. Steroid medications and antibiotics can be taken to soften the look of these scars.
- Liver, Heart, or kidney damage. A deep chemical peel uses carbolic acid (phenol), which can harm heart muscle and create the heart to beat irregularly. Phenol can also damage the kidneys and liver. To control exposure to phenol, a deep chemical peel is performed a portion at a time, in 10- to 20-minute intervals.
- Infection. This kind of peel can lead to a fungal, bacterial, or viral infection, like a flare-up of the herpes virus — the virus that causes cold sores.
A chemical peel isn’t suitable for everyone. Your doctor might advise opposed to a chemical peel or certain kinds of chemical peels if you:
- Have taken the oral acne medication isotretinoin in the past 6 months
- Have a history of ridged parts caused by an overgrowth of scar tissue,
- Are pregnant woman,
- Have frequent cold sores,
How do you prepare?
Choose a doctor with experience of the skin and procedure — a dermatologist or dermatologic surgeon. Results can be different and depend on the proficiency of the person doing the peel. Improperly done, a chemical peel can lead to complications, including infection and lifelong scars. Before you have a chemical peel, your dermatologist will likely:
- Review your medical history. Be prepared to reply to questions about existing and past medical conditions and any other medications you are taking or have taken in recent times, and any cosmetic process you’ve had.
- Do a physical exam. Your doctor will examine your skin and the parts to be treated to decide what type of peel you might gain advantages from most and how your physical features — for instance, the tone and thickness of your skin — might impact your results.
- Discuss your expectations. Discuss with the doctor your inspirations, expectations, and potential risks. Ensure you understand how many different treatments you might require, how long it will take to cure, and what results might occur.
Before your peel, you might also require to:
- Take antiviral medication. Your doctor may prescribe an antiviral medication before and after this treatment to assist prevent a viral infection.
- Use a retinoid cream. Your dermatologist might suggest using a retinoid cream, such as tretinoin (Renova, Retin-A) for a couple of weeks before treatment to help with the restoration.
- Use a bleaching agent. Your doctor may recommend using a bleaching agent (hydroquinone), a retinoid cream, or both before or after the process to minimize the risk of side effects.
- Avoid direct sun exposure. Excess sun exposure before the procedure can create permanent irregular pigmentation in treated parts. Talk about sun protection and acceptable sun exposure with your dermatologist.
- Avoid certain cosmetic treatments and some kinds of hair removal. Nearly one week before the peel, refrain from using hair removal techniques like electrolysis or depilatories. Also, stop hair-dying treatments, facial scrubs, permanent-wave, or hair-straightening treatments, in the week before your peel. Don’t shave the parts that will be treated, starting 24 hours before your peel.
- Arrange for a ride home. If you will be sedated while the process, arrange for a ride home.
What you can expect?
Before the procedure
A chemical peel is typically done in an outpatient surgical facility. Before the procedure, your dermatologist will protect your hair, clean your face, and cover your eyes with ointment, goggles, or gauze.
Generally, pain relief isn’t required for a light chemical peel. If you’re having a medium peel, you may get a sedative and painkiller. For a deep peel, you may have a sedative, something to deaden the treatment parts and fluids delivered via a vein.
During the procedure
Meanwhile a light chemical peel:
- Your doctor uses a cotton ball, brush, gauze, or sponge to apply a chemical solution usually including salicylic acid or glycolic acid. The treated part (skin) will commence whitening.
- You might experience light stinging during the chemical solution is on your skin.
- Your doctor will apply a neutralizing solution or wash to get rid of the chemical solution from the treated part.
During a medium chemical peel:
- Your dermatologist will use a cotton-tipped applicator to apply a chemical solution including trichloroacetic acid, and sometimes in blend with glycolic acid. The treated part (skin) will start to whiten.
- After a few minutes, your doctor will apply cool compresses to reduce the pain of treated skin. You may also get a hand-held fan to ease your skin. No neutralizing solution is required.
- You may experience stinging and burning for nearly 20 minutes.
During a deep chemical peel:
- You will be given intravenous (IV) fluids, and your heartbeat will be closely observed.
- Your dermatologist will use a cotton-tipped applicator to apply carbolic acid (phenol) on the area (skin) which needs treatment. Treated skin will commence becoming white or gray.
- To control your exposure to phenol, your doctor will perform the process in portions at nearly 15-minute intervals. A full-facial procedure may take approximately 1.5 hours.
After the procedure
Once a chemical peel is done of any depth, your skin turns red, tight, swollen, or irritated. Follow your dermatologist’s guidance for sun cleansing, protection, moisturizing, and applying protective cream to your skin. Refrain from picking, scratching, or rubbing your skin. It can take a couple of months before your skin color becomes normal and you can notice the full results of the peel.
After a light chemical peel:
Treated skin will be dry, red, and lightly irritated — although these impacts might be less seeable with each repeat treatment. Your doctor may apply a protective ointment, like petroleum jelly, to ease the skin. You can typically wear makeup the next day if you want.
Areas that are treated, take nearly 1 to 7 days to cure after a light chemical peel. New skin may provisionally be darker or lighter than normal.
After a medium chemical peel:
Treated skin will turn red and swollen. You will experience stinging. Your doctor may apply a safety cream, like petroleum jelly, to ease the skin and prevent dryness. After 5 to 7 days, you can apply cosmetics to overcome any redness.
Use ice packs for ease. Over-the-counter pain-relieving medication, like naproxen sodium (Aleve, others), and ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) may assist to minimize any discomfort. You will schedule a medical checkup soon after your skin treatment so that your doctor can observe your cure.
As swelling comes down, treated skin turns to form a crust and might darken or cause brown blotches. Treated areas take nearly 7 to 14 days to cure after a medium chemical peel, but redness of skin might last for a couple of months.
After a deep chemical peel:
You’ll feel extreme redness and swelling. You’ll also experience burning and throbbing, and the inflammation may even make your eyelids swell shut.
Your doctor will put a surgical dressing on the treated area. Patients may be also prescribed painkillers. You’ll require to soak the treated area and apply creams several times during the day for nearly two weeks.
Treated areas will form new skin within approximately two weeks after a deep chemical peel, however, redness may last for a couple of months. Treated skin might turn lighter or darker than usual or lose the ability to tan.
You might refrain to go out of the home during you’re healing from a chemical peel. You’ll probably need several repeated visits once your treatment is completed so that your doctor can observe your healing.
Once new skin completely occupies the treated area in nearly 2 weeks, you can apply cosmetics to cover up any redness. Apply sunscreen every day.
A light chemical peel enhances the skin texture and tone and lessens the look of fine wrinkles. The consequences are fine but grow with repeated treatments. If you have a medium chemical peel, the treated area will be clearly smoother. After a deep chemical peel, you’ll notice a great refinement in the appearance and feel of treated skins. Results might not be lifelong. Over time, age and new sun damage can result in new lines and skin color changes.
With all types of peels, the new skin is provisionally more sensible to the sun. Discuss with your dermatologist how long to protect your skin from the direct sun.