Top Ten Leading Causes of Dandruff

leading causes dandruff

Most of us have undergone a situation where we’ve experienced tremendous itching and white dandruff flakes over our shoulders owing to the existence of dandruff on our scalp. While it is extremely embarrassing and frustrating to be experiencing dandruff, it is not always due to winters; which is one of the most popular reasons behind the existence of dandruff.

One definitely cannot function right with dandruff because it makes you feel itchy, leads to hair fall and is also the cause of breakouts for many. But what are the causes of dandruff? How must you have gotten it in the first place? Let Trichohom help you out:

What is Dandruff?

Dandruff is the result of excessive dead skin cells being accumulated in the scalp. Dead skin cell accumulation on the scalp is the part of a natural physiological process and is the part of a majority of people’s hair cycle. However, excessive accumulation of these dead skin scales causes the scalp to become flaky and itchy. These flakes and the itchiness associated with the same is known as dandruff. Hence, white loose flakes and irritation along with oiliness on the scalp are indicators of dandruff.

Trichohom offers a combination of Meso Scalp Peel Treatment and High-Frequency Treatment for Hair. The procedure is safe, stable and result oriented. While high frequency treatment results in activating the sebaceous glands of the scalp. This creates a natural substance that moisturizes the scalp and destroys bacteria. Meso Scalp Peel Treatment helps in cleansing the dirt, dead cells and dandruff from the scalp hence proving to be an exfoliating and pore clarifying technique, which results in an improved scalp health.

As a result of these actions, dandruff as well as the itchiness that results in hair fall are both far from existing.

Causes of Dandruff

Dry Skin

Having dry skin is one of the most common causes of the existence of dandruff. If this is the root cause of your dandruff, things might tend to become a tad bit difficult for you to handle during months of winter. However, having dry skin on the scalp as the reason for your dandruff indicates that several other places of your body are most likely to be dry as well.

During months of winter, skin tends to become dry which is why most people tend to notice more dandruff during this time. You can try introducing moisture to your scalp via means of medicated shampoos to seek immediate relief from dandruff arising owing to dry skin.

Oily Scalp

Dandruff grows in extreme dry or extremely oily scalp conditions. If you usually have an oily scalp, you might experience dandruff often. Excess oil production on the scalp is the breeding ground for dandruff because the oiliness promotes the growth of yeast which is the bacteria causing dandruff. In some cases, this might lead to fungal infection if proper care and treatment are not rendered on time. If you have an already oily scalp, you must avoid oiling your hair on a regular basis to avoid worsening the condition.

Lack of shampooing

Is lack of shampooing actually a concept? Yes! It most definitely is. And while this sounds unhygienic, it is true that not shampooing your hair enough might be the cause of your dandruff. When you don’t shampoo enough, oil accumulates on your scalp and builds up on the skin, causing dandruff. This doesn’t mean that you don’t clean your scalp enough. It simply means you use a lesser quantity of shampoo to clean your scalp than required or that your shampoo is not powerful enough to clean your scalp and break down the oil barrier leading to dandruff. The fix to this cause of dandruff might be to simply shampoo more frequently or to use a medicated over-the-counter shampoo in order to prevent any build up.

Irregular hair wash schedule

If you are someone who washes their hair on a daily basis or if you are someone who avoids washing their hair for days altogether, you’re inviting dandruff in both of these situations. The trick to setting a perfect hair wash schedule is; if your scalp tends to be oily you must wash your hair at least twice to thrice a week while if your scalp is dry you can schedule shampooing your hair twice a week and consider giving it some form of moisture as well.


There are varieties of allergies caused due to a number of substances, these range from grass allergy to peanut allergy. Your dandruff could be the cause of an allergy arising from a product you might be using. You can determine the same by noticing if you experience any sort of scalp irritation, soreness or itchiness when using a certain product. To treat dandruff arising out of allergy to a certain product, you must immediately stop using the product; use the elimination method to figure out the root cause and stop it altogether.

Product Buildup

If you’re familiar with using styling products, you must also be familiar with the term product buildup. Product buildup makes your hair looks greasy, can clog the pores on your scalp and thus lead to irritation and dandruff. This is because most hair styling products contain high alcohol content which leads to a dry scalp in response to which the scalp produces excess sebum leading to dandruff. It is advisable that these products be used only on the lengths and tips of the hair, not on the scalp.

Medical Condition

Seborrheic dermatitis is a chronic medical condition that affects the scalp as well as the other areas of the body where oil glands are present. This condition results in dandruff as well as redness of scalp and looks similar to common skin diseases such as eczema or an allergic reaction. It is best to consult an experienced trichologist or a doctor in such conditions to avail the best treatment.

Yeast overgrowth

Malassezia is a form of fungus that lives on the skin and scalp of all people, however for some people a sensitivity develops which can result in dandruff. Just like other medical conditions of the scalp, medical treatment must be sought for this as well.

Weather conditions

Changing weather conditions not only bring about allergies for people, but dandruff as well. While skin takes time to adjust itself according to the weather conditions, the scalp does the same and it is owing to extreme humid or extremely cold weather conditions that dandruff formation takes place. Hence, while some might experience dandruff in winters, some might experience it in humid weather.

Lack of Exercise aftercare

While exercising is amazing for the body, improper aftercare of the scalp post exercise might not be good news! Exercising results in sweat and a sweaty scalp is where dandruff thrives the most. Hence, it is essential to wash your hair after an intense physical training session.