Causes of Hair Fall: Treatment, Prevention, and Symptoms

Hair Fall reasons and treatment

The average person loses between 50 and 100 hairs on their head, out of a total of 100,000 hairs. That’s typical. The growing cycle restarts when a hair falls out and is replaced by a new hair from the same follicle. Every month, scalp hair grows around half an inch.

On the scalp, 90% of the hair grows continuously. Each hair actually grows for a period of two to six years. For two to three months, the remaining 10% of scalp hair is in a resting phase. This hair sheds when the resting phase comes to an end.

It is a known fact that men tend to experience this problem more frequently than women. While experts state that shedding around 100 hairs daily is considered normal and not a cause for concern, it’s worth noting. Regretfully, hair loss quickly surpasses typical limits and might have negative effects on your mental and physical well-being.

Both sexes find it challenging to deal with this issue, and many of them have many restless nights because of it. Although there are many over-the-counter quick fixes for hair loss, finding a suitable ayurveda remedy for the condition will help stop the fall and relieve your stress.

What are the differences in both male and female hair loss patterns?

Both male and females have different patterns for hair loss. These patterns are called Androgenetic alopecia. The reason for these patterns of hair can be hormonal as well as genetic variable.

It’s worth noting that approximately half of all individuals will encounter it at some stage in their lives.The common age of the occurrence lies between the ages ranging between:

  1. Males who are of 50 year old or more
  2. Womens who are going through menopause
  3. People who’s close relative have androgenetic alopecia

What is the difference between sudden and gradual hair loss?

If the hair loss happens gradually then it takes several years for hair loss. But hair loss can also happen rapidly over months or weeks. Reasons like cancer treatment, alopecia areata, infections, some medications, stress and more. In case you face sudden and fast hair loss, it is recommended that you seek medical advice.

Reasons why you are losing your hair

There exist numerous explanations for hair loss or decreased hair follicle regeneration. It’s essential to find out the cause of the hair loss as that will give you more clarity about why you are experiencing it. Some of the common reasons for hair loss are: disease, an imbalanced diet, ,menopause, dieting, losing weight, stress and pressure from daily life, and pregnancy are a few potential causes of hair loss The following are a few of the main reasons why people fall:

  1. Hereditary hair loss
    When it comes to identifying the most common reason why people face hair loss is due to genetic hair loss. Generic hair loss is passed from parents to their children. Genetic hair loss is also known as hereditary pattern baldness. Actually, aging, hormone fluctuations, and family genetics all play a role in this natural illness. Men refer to it as male pattern baldness or male pattern hair loss, whereas women refer to it as female pattern hair loss. Usually, the first indication of this kind of hair loss is thinning hair.
  2. Thyroid hormone Imbalance
    The thyroid gland releases a hormone called Thyroxine that helps with many vital functions like heart and digestive function,metabolism, brain development and more. When there are high and low levels of this hormone secretion it can cause serious imbalance in the body which can reflect on the body, one such symptom is hair loss. Both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism cause hair fall.The hair gets thinner all over the scalp. Therapy can encourage regeneration, but complete, steady growth may not happen for several months. This is one of the primary reasons for hair loss. Alopecia is a condition that affects individuals who have impaired thyroid function.Over time, hair loss can happen in different parts of the body and eventually result in total baldness. Two autoimmune diseases, polycystic ovarian syndrome and lupus erythematosus, are linked to thyroid issues. Rarely, certain antithyroid drugs could also contribute to hair loss. The diagnosis of whether the thyroid is the cause of the mediation or the hair loss is therefore challenging.Hair loss may still occur during the initial stages of treatment, although thyroid issues are primarily transient and easily managed.
  3. Pregnancy
    The idea of being a parent is probably making you ecstatic. Regrettably, there are several physical and psychological changes that come with becoming pregnant. A typical indication of this happy occasion is sudden hair loss, which might result in patches of baldness on certain sections of your head.This is something that some women experience both during and after their pregnancies. You shouldn’t be concerned! Hair loss in women can result from internal body processes. Here are some of the reason that can cause this in females:

    • Lack of nutrition:
    • IIIness
    • Hormonal Imbalance
    • Gentric
    • Thyroid
    • Birth control pills
    • Polycystic Ovary syndrome
  4. Medications
    Hair losses can also result from the medicine that is being prescribed to you. The chemicals that are present in the medicine can damage the hair follicles resulting in hair losses. It could come to no surprise that the medicines that are prescribed for treatment of conditions like depression or acne can lead to hair loss as a side effect to the medicine. Blood thinners and other cholesterol-lowering medications may also contribute to this problem. Ayurvedic hair loss remedies are a good option because they usually don’t have any negative side effects.
  5. Nutrition
    Maintain your health by following a well-rounded diet, ensuring that you get an adequate intake of all essential nutrients. When your diet lacks sufficient proteins, iron, and vitamins, you become more susceptible to experiencing frequent hair loss. A nourishing diet provides the necessary nourishment for hair follicles to grow in a healthy manner.
  6. Immune system attack
    An autoimmune disorder called alopecia areata leads to modest to big bald patches as a result of your immune system attacking hair follicles. It may cause complete hair loss in certain situations. Alopecia areata can cause hair loss from the eyebrows, eyelashes, and other regions of the body in addition to the scalp.
  7. Cancer treatment
    Anagen effluvium causes hair loss very quickly. Chemotherapy or radiation treatment are typically to blame for this. Typically, hair grows back when treatment is finished.
  8. High Stress levels
    A traumatic experience, a prolonged period of high stress, or a catastrophic disease are examples of mental or physical shock that can cause telogen effluvium, a form of sudden hair loss. It may also occur as a result of hormonal shifts, such as those that take place in:

    • Childbirth
    • Postpartum
    • Menopause
    • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)

    Other potential causes of telogen effluvium include:

    • Malnutrition including vitamin or mineral deficiency
    • Certain endocrine disorders
    • Starting or stopping hormonal birth control
    • Post surgery as a result of the anesthesia
    • Acute illnesses or severe infections like COVID-19
  9. Scalp worms
    Tinea capitis, often known as scalp ringworm, is a fungal infection that can harm the hair shaft and scalp. It results in tiny, scaly, itchy patches of baldness. If treatment is delayed, the patch or patches will eventually get bigger and fill with pus. These spots, sometimes known as kerion, may result in scarring. Some signs and symptoms are:

    • brittle hair that is easily broken
    • soreness in the scalp
    • Scaly, reddish-gray areas of skin

    With antifungal medicine, it is curable.

  10. Excessive pressure on strains
    Too much strain and pressure on the hair—often from tight hairstyles like braids, ponytails, or buns—causes traction alopecia.

What are the treatment options for hair loss?

There’s a range of treatment options for hair loss, but the best option for you will depend on what’s causing your hair loss. Typically, the most common types of hair loss are treated with topical or oral medications, which will likely be the first course of treatment. Over- the- counter (OTC) medication generally consist of tropical cream, gels, solution, or forams that you apply directly to the scalp. The most common product contains an ingredient called minoxidil.

Prescription medications, like finasteride (Propecia), may help prevent further androgenetic hair loss, especially for male pattern baldness. You take this medication daily to slow hair loss, though some experience new hair growth when taking finasteride.

Your clinician might prescribe anti-inflammatory medication, like corticosteroids, if hair loss seems related to an autoimmune condition. Newer treatments that are also being explored include some forms of laser therapy, microneedling with PRP, as well as other oral medications. Many of these treatments are still in the early testing phases, and more research will be necessary.

For male pattern baldness, prescription medication like finasteride may be prescribed to mitigate further androgenetic hair loss. Finasteride is a daily medication designed to reduce hair loss, with some individuals also reporting the growth of new hair as a potential benefit.

There are numerous hair loss treatment alternatives, but the most effective one will depend on the root of your baldness. The most appropriate course of action will depend on the precise cause of your hair loss, even though the common causes are usually listed.

More specifically, finasteride (Propecia), a prescription drug, can help prevent more androgenetic hair loss in cases of male pattern baldness. This drug is taken daily to slow down hair loss, while some people may have hair fall. You may be offered corticosteroids if your hair loss seems to be associated with an autoimmune disease. Some of the most recent treatments being researched are different types of laser therapy, POP microneedling, and more oral medications.

The treatments that are also being explored include some forms of laser therapy. There are some non-surgical cosmetic medications directly into the skin.

Range of treatment for the hair losses

  1. Mesotherapy Medication is injected directly into the skin during a mesotherapy session. A non-surgical cosmetic medicine procedure is mesotherapy. Treating the underlying problems that lead to skin deterioration, like inflammation and poor circulation, was the main goal.
  2. Hair PRP(PLATELET RICH PLASMA) For hair regrowth that looks natural, PRP therapy is used. It is appropriate for both genders. It is a natural, non-surgical therapy used to address thinning or hair loss.
  3. Low Level Laser Therapy (LLT) LLT stands for low-level laser therapy. The idea behind laser treatment for hair loss is that it stimulates and increases circulation, which helps hair follicles produce new hair.
  4. Alopecia Areata Alopecia Areata is a disorder that results in patchy hair loss. These patches might join together and then show up. Complete hair loss may be the outcome of the illness.
  5. High Frequency One type of treatment that uses both high-frequency and low-current to promote hair growth is high-frequency scalp treatment. Because of its germicidal properties, it also heals hair problems.


Whatever the reason behind your hair loss, consulting a dermatologist or visiting a hair regeneration center can help you determine the underlying problems. Early initiation of hair loss treatment increases the likelihood of success. A better diet, topically applied or oral medicinal treatment, and adjustments to your hair care routine are all possible forms of treatment. Even in cases where hair loss is genetic, there are treatments that can help stop or reverse it. Make an appointment with your doctor as soon as possible to discuss your worries and rule out any serious underlying medical disorders that could be the reason behind your hair loss.

When should I call the doctor?

If you are experiencing burning, itching, or irritation on your scalp, call your doctor right away. Some more reasons you should call your doctor are:

  1. excessive loss per day.
  2. loss of hair on both your scalp and body.
  3. sudden and significant hair loss.

What questions should I ask my doctor?

You ought to inquire with your healthcare provider:

  1. What’s the reason behind my balding?
  2. Do any of my existing drugs need to be changed?
  3. What kind of hair loss treatment works best for me?
  4. Would a hair transplant be a good option for me?
  5. Is there a procedure that can aid in my hair growth?

Which vitamin can help with hair loss?

Taking vitamin supplements that boost hair health does not work. Curing hair loss and promoting hair growth is generally more complex than simply taking nutrition. For instance, if you have scarring alopecia or cicatricial alopecia then consuming vitamins would not help.

As part of your nutrition plan, incorporate the following vitamins to assist promote hair growth: B vitamins, such as vitamin B12, biotin, folate, and riboflavin.

  1. Iron 
  2. Vitamin C
  3. Vitamin D

What illness causes hair loss?

Certain disorders are linked to an increased risk of hair loss. Included are:

  1. PCOS, or polycystic ovarian syndrome
  2. Plaque on the scalp
  3. illnesses contracted by intercourse, like syphilis
  4. Thyroid conditions 

A side effect of some medications, especially those used in cancer chemotherapy treatments, is hair loss.</p

Is it possible to stop hair loss indefinitely?

Finding the root cause is essential to permanently stopping hair loss. Generally speaking, your chances of reversing or slowing down the pace of hair loss increase with the early treatment of hair loss. Certain reasons for hair loss are irreversible. This is applicable to hair follicle damage brought on by some autoimmune illnesses, chemicals used on the hair, and overly tight haircuts.